Tag Archives: Kentucky

Smallpox Epidemic, Part XLIX

Indianapolis Journal - 1900-03-12 (Smallpox epidemic) #1Soliloquy of the Vanquished.

I am
The Bubonic Plague;
There is just one thing on
Earth that I
Am afraid of, and that
Is Kentucky.
It’s the
Only thing that’s
Severer and less scrupulous
Or discreet
Than I.
It don’t five a (Well, you know
What the “cunnels” would say)
For anything or anybody;
It don’t even
Tell you to move when you’re
In front of the target’ it
Just shoots and shoots.
It don’t care for the decency of
The country, or its reputation.
It is just one continual
Round of broils, from
Year to year,
Regardless. It is a
Worse blot, and more in need of
Quarantining than either
Me, the cholera, or
Dr. Hurty’s smallpox.
It is a festering sore, a fe-
Ver blister, a cancer, an abscess,
A carbuncle, and it needs
I am vanquished; it outclasses
Me, and I will not be imported,
Either microbially
Or otherwise,
To the United States until Kentucky is
Rendered less obnoxious
I’m Jealous.


Indianapolis Journal - 1900-03-12 (Smallpox epidemic) #2Dr. Hurty has a large assortment of bubonic microbes on the way to Indiana, and he expects to be able to sic them on us some time during the next two years. At present his smallpox microbes are beginning to look a little pale around the gills, but the doctor is nothing daunted and announces that his bubonic microbes will be the real thing. He has the microbe business down pat and is perhaps more familiar with their habits and characteristics than any living man. He knows their history from away back, and there has never been a microbe yet that was smart enough to fool him on its ancestry or family relations. – Decatur Journal.

“Soliloquy of the Vanquished,” The Indianapolis Journal (Indianapolis, Indiana), 12 March 1900, p. 4, col. 4, 5; digital image, Chronicling America (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ : accessed 6 December 2014).

Inventory and Appraisement of the Estate of Dorsey Hoagland

I have been fascinated lately by some of my slave owning ancestors (or potential ancestors). I am still working on building the case for Dorsey Hoagland as one of my ancestors but for now I will assume that he is likely my ancestor. I have been catching up on the show Finding Your Roots with Louis Henry Gates, Jr. I do not have any direct African American ancestry in my tree, however, I do have a few genetic cousins who are primarily African American. Many of the Finding Your Roots episodes explore the ancestry of prominent African Americans. I recently watched an episode with Derek Jeter as they traced his Jeter line to a white slave owner. They were able to prove that one of Jeter’s ancestors was the son of a white slave owner and his black slave. As I look over the inventory of Dorsey Hoagland’s estate, the document reveals that he owned seven slaves. Only one of the slaves was an adult, a female, with the rest being children with descending ages. It strikes me that the children were likely all siblings, or possibly related to one another, with the adult female as the mother to all but the eldest teenager. I would love to hear anyone’s thoughts on this issue. I am trying to learn more about researching African American history and ancestry in general.

Dorsey Hoagland, Inventory and Appraisement
Nelson County, Kentucky
Probate vol. H/2, p. 157-158
Inventory completed 20 July 1836; filed 9 January 1837

“Inventory and bill of appraisment of the property belonging to the estate of Dosey Hogland decᵈ appraised on the 20th day of July 1836.

  1. The following is a list of property that is not considered as assets in the hands of the administrators but reserved to the widow, and heirs under an act of assembly in that case made and provided which allows to the widow, and heirs the same property that is exempt from execution. [?]
One yellow horse 50.00
One cow and calf 10.00
One Bed Bedstead and furniture 20.00
One plow and Geer 4.00
One plow & lead one pot Head One axe & one hoe 3.00
One loom and apparatus thereunto belonging 1.50
One spinning wheel “.50
  1. The property that is considered as assets in the hands of the administrators
One Negro woman Sitter aged 26 years 350.00
One do[ditto] boy William do[ditto] 16 600.00
One do[ditto] girl  Maria do[ditto] 13 450.00
One do[ditto] boy John do[ditto] 11 450.00
One do[ditto] boy Snocuden [?] do[ditto] 8 350.00
One do[ditto] boy Isaac do[ditto] 6 250.00
One do[ditto] boy Harrison do[ditto] 4 175.00
Three pots 1.50
Three ovens & lead, & one pan & lead 1.00
Two spiders, & lead, & one skillett 1.00
Two pair Pot hooks & shovels “.50
One pair waufle Iron 1.00
One frying pan and ladle “.50
One Tea Kettle and [?] 1.12½
Two large kettles 6.00
Two small do [ditto] 1.50
One Copper kettle 2.50
One Lot of old Iron 1.50
One pair of [?] 2.50
One Copper Tea Kettle 1.50
One lot of Iron [?] “.50
One Lot of shoemaker tools 1.00
Eleven open tubs 1.25
One Roan mare 35.00
One Bay mare & colt 40.00
One wagon [?] and Geer Tar bucket & feed trough 65.00
One plow/Cary “.75
Two Shovel plows 1.00
Three axes one shovel & sprouting hoe 4.00
Two broad hoes “.50
One pair [?] & 3 [?] 1.50
One wooden Tooth harrow “.50
One Flax break and Two grind stones 2.00
One handsaw hand axe & drawing knife 1.50
Two Augers one chisel & anvil & cross “.50
One cross cut saw 1.00
One pair of Geer 2.00
Three blind bridles 1.50
One man’s saddle 5.00
One do [ditto] old “.50
One cutting box 1.00
Two large Tubs “.50
One Carey plow 4.00
One Iron fork 3 do [ditto] wood & 2 scythes 2.00
Twelve open Tubs 1.50
One wheat [?] 5.00
One wheat sive “.75
One lot of shingle & some Timber 4.00
One lot of Cooper timber 5.50
Thirty six [?] head of hogs 95.50
One lot of plank 3.50
One mewly [?] cow 8.60
One Red and White heiffer 6.50
One Brindle Do Do [ditto] 7.50
One Red steer 10.00
One Black steer 10.00
One spotted do [ditto] 10.00
Two stills & all the apparatus thereunto belonging 95.00
Four yearling Calves 14.00
Twenty Three head of sheep 28.75
One cow 10.00
One lot of Oats in the field 5.00
One Tight barrel “.37½
One Book case 1.50
One clock & one small squareTable 6f 2.00
One small bed bedstead & furniture 5.00
One looking glass 3f Two water 9pr [?] 2.00
Two Candle sticks “.75
One bed bedstead and furniture 8.00
One Trunk “.75
One bed bedstead and furniture 8.00
One lot of bedclothes 14 pieces 20.00
One bed bedstead & furniture 7.00
One sidesaddle and bridle 18.00
One powder Keg & some powder “.75
One side saddle & bridle 1.00
One cupboard and furniture 12.00
One Desk 5.00
One Fall leaf Table 1.50
One Square Table “.50
One Coffee mill “.50
Three Tin buckets 1.25
One Rifle Fun 10.00
Two hand Irons 2.00
Two smoothing Irons “.50
One [?] chest and fifteen “.50
Seven old chairs common 1.00
Two pot trowels [?] 1.00
Two open Tubs “.25
One lot of Oak flooring plank 12.00
One do [ditto] poplar 2.00
One do [ditto] do [ditto] “.50
One Keg of Tar “.50
Six Corks of hay in the meadow 8.00

John Overalt}
Thoˢ J. Hammond}
Henry A. Lewis} Appraisers

We do hereby certify that the forgoing list contains all the property a True account of all the property belonging to the estate of Dorsey Hogland deceased which has come to our hands as his administrators July the 27th 1836.

J.C. Hogland Admin.
Mary Hogland Admix.

At a County Court held for Nelson County at the Courthouse in Bardstown on the 9th day of January 1837. This Inventory and appraisment of the Estate of Dorsey Hogland decᵈ was returned and ordered to be recorded.
Attest Nathᴵ Wickliffe C. of C.C.”

©2014 transcription by Deborah Sweeney
Image via Family Search

Inventory Sale of Dorsey Hogland

Dorsey Hoagland of Nelson County, Kentucky died intestate around 1836. He did not write a will. However, he did have a sizeable estate which was disposed by his administrators. Some of the estate’s property was sold for cash, while some was set aside for the widow and heirs. The following represents items that were sold from the estate. Besides farm animals and farming equipment, Dorsey owned a couple stills, shoemaking equipment and cooper’s timber. One can infer quite a lot from Dorsey’s possessions. Did he make whiskey? Was he a shoemaker by trade?

Hoagland, Dorsey - Appraisement (Nelson Book 2, p.157)

Nelson County, Kentucky Probate Book H/2: 157-158

Dorsey Hogland Sale of Inventory
Nelson County, Kentucky
Probate vol H/2: 156-157
Sale 21st and 22nd of July 1836; Filed 9 January 1837

A list of sales of the property belonging to the estate of Dorsey Hoglan decᵈ which was sold on the 21st and 22nd days of July 1836.

Mary Hogland One book case 1.25
Same One clock 11.00
Same One small square table 1.12 ½
Same One bedstead & furniture 4.25
Same Two looking glasses “ .87½
Same Two waiters 1.43¾
Same One bed bedstead & furniture 5.62½
Same One trunk “.37½
Same One bed bedstead & furniture 6.93¾
Same One lot of Bed clothes 9.37½
Same One bed bedstead & furniture 6.93¾
Same One side saddle 10.50
Same One side saddle & [?] 1.19 [? written over]
Same One cupboard & furniture 8.80½
Same One desk 3.25
Same One large tallboy [?] table 1.37½
Same One coffee mill “.37½
Same 3 tin buckets [?] coffee [?] 1.56¼
Same Two pair hand irons 2.12½
Same Two smoothing irons “.81¼
Same One large chest “.06¼
Same One square table “.68¾
Same Eight Windsor chairs 2.43¾
Same One set common do [ditto chairs] 2.06¼
Same Four kettles 6.12¼
Same One copper stew kettle 3.06¼
Same One copper tea kettle 2.12¼
Same One pair of small [?] “.93¾
Same One pot and Bale 1.06¼
Same One do [ditto]     do [ditto] “.56¼
Same One large oven & coal “.25
Same One small do [ditto] do[ditto] “.31¼
Same One pan and lead “.68¾
Same One shovel [?] and ladle “.25
Same Two pot …[?] “.75
Same Sifters [?], reggier [?] & trays “.37½
Same One small Carey plow “.87½
Same One shovel do [ditto] “.43¾
Same One axe “.68¾
Same One hoe “.56½
Same One single tree and clevis [?] “.56½
Same One red cow 14.12½
Same One Brindle Heiffer 8.12½
Same One red & white do [ditto] 7.75
Same One roan mare 23.26¼
Same One flax brake “.12½
Same One cross oak flooring planks 5.25
Same One wooden tooth harrow “.25
Same Two collar & one [?] of [?] 3.93¼
Same One blind bridle & cutting box 1.56¼
Same Two large still Tubs “.50
Same Five hogs 1st choice 26.12½
Same 7 do [ditto] 4th choice 10.50
Same Two Augers “.25
Same One wheat pan & sive 8.50
Same Eleven open tubs .25
Samᴵ D. Hardy One black steer 14.00
Same One red & white spotted do [ditto] 13.75
Same One red do [ditto] 15.87½
Geo. W. Caldwill One Rifle Gun & shot rounds 16.00
Same One Bay mare & colt 59.00
Martin Hogland One keg & some powder 1.56¼
Same One lot of old Iron 2.00
Same One Iron wedge “.43¾
Same One Tight barrel “.37½
Same One pair [?]ple Irons 1.06¼
Same 1 wagon feed Tough & Tar bucket 71.00
Same One set of hind Geer 9.00
Same One lot of old Geer 2.00
Same One pair of stretchers 1.56¼
Same One old man’s saddle “.18¾
Same Six corks[?] of hay in the meadow 5.00
Same One Keg and some Tar “.75
Same One Iron pitch fork “.31¼
James Philips One lot of poplar planks 4.50
Same Four hogs 2nd choice 23.06¼
Same 6 do [ditto] 3 choice 18.00
Same 7 do [ditto] 5 do [ditto] 12.12½
Same 7 do [ditto] 6th do [ditto] 11.00
Same One lot of poplar planks 1.06½
Same One do [ditto] do [ditto] do [ditto] 6.06¼
Harsy Robey One lot of lasts & shoe maker tools 1.75
Same Four open tubs 1.12½
Same One skillet “.18¾
Same One lot of shingles 7.12½
John Shepleigh One spider & lead “.75
same One flax hackle 1.18¼
same One man’s saddle 6.00
Same One cross cut pair 2.00
Thomas Aud One red male heiffer $12.06¼
Elisha Miller Four yearling calves $19.25
Wᵐ Congrove 23 head of sheep 33.25
Henderson Hibbs 4 old Irons “.50
Same One axe & one hoe “.62½
Same One lot of oats in field 5.81¼
Wᵐ Hardy One pair large slatyards [?]/paid 2.06¼
Rezin Shopsaco [?] 7 old open tubs /paid 1.60
Barbara Hogland One pot and lead “.43¼
Same One tea kettle “.56¼
William Ashlock One spider and lead [?] “.93¾
Murry Ash One frying pan /paid “.63½
William Taylor One large Carey plow / paid 3.81¼
Matthew Kurts One shovel plow (paid) “.87½
Jonathan Hibbs One shovel (paid) “.62½
Henry Fleming One sprouting hoe paid “.75
Levi Magruder One Broad axe (paid) “.50
Joseph F. Greathouse One lot of cooper’s timber pᵈ .43¾
Henry Jones One drawing knife & [?] pᵈ “.25
Isaac Osbourn Two stills and all
the aparatus thereunto belonging 76.00
Conrod Kurts One lot cooper’s timber paid 1.06¼
Same One hammer paid “.18¾
John Hogland One hand saw & axe & [?] knife pᵈ 1.81¼
[?] same One grind stone “.56¼
Aquilla Hagan One chissel paid “.43¾
James Hogland Three wooden pitch forks “.12½
Same One hammer [?] scythe “.06¼
Same One Dutch scythe & hayings “.52
Nelson Hibbs One Grind stone paid “.12[?]

G. C. Hogland Admʳ
Mary Hogland Admrix
P. B. Samuels CUNR [?]

At a County Court held for Nelson County on the 9th day of January 1837. This list of sales of the estate of Dorsey Hogland decᵈ was returned to the Court and ordered to record.

Attest Nathᴵ Wickliffe, Clk

The image is from FamilySearch. While I was able to read a good portion of the items on the list, there were a few items that I could not determine. Any suggestions are welcome!

©2014 transcription by Deborah Sweeney
Post originally found:  https://genealogylady.net/2014/10/13/inventory-sale-of-dorsey-hogland/

Three Cheers for DNA

Since I do not have the time to spend on book writing until the end of this month, I have been using my spare minutes to work on some of my DNA puzzles. I have had lots of genetic goodies land on my doorstep so far this month. Here is one of them.

One mystery in my family tree is the parentage of Sarah Ann Jewell. She was born in Kentucky and later moved to Greene County, Indiana, where she married George Rea on 13 March 1842. Now presumably, my sweet young Sarah Ann did not travel from Kentucky to southern Indiana by herself. In the first half of the nineteen century, Kentucky and Indiana were still considered frontier states. Sarah most likely arrived in Indiana with her parents or other family members.

After combing through census records and other various limited records available online (Greene County does not have a very strong online presence NOR does it have many microfilms available from the LDS library), I determined that there was only one Jewell family in Greene County in the first half of the nineteenth century. The patriarch was Samuel Jewell: a miller by trade and an Irishman by nationality. Born in Ireland around the time of the American Revolution, he immigrated to Virginia where he married Rachel Painter on 31 December 1798. They soon moved west, living in Ohio (1820), Kentucky (1830), and finally Indiana (1840). Samuel and Rachel had at least three sons who followed them to Indiana: John, William, and Isaac.

So my next puzzle was to determine which of Samuel’s sons was Sarah’s father. Isaac was eliminated by pure logic. He was born in 1815, only ten years before Sarah was born. For the same reason, William was too young as well. I have come across several unsourced family trees over the years which claimed that William was Sarah’s father. William was born in 1812. He was too young to be Sarah’s father. (Another reason why one should not trust unsourced family trees!) William married his wife, Mariah Miller, in Shelby County, Kentucky, on 9 November 1835. This left John P. Jewell as the only potential candidate.

John Painter Jewell was born about 1800 in Virginia. He married Mary Hoagland, on 18 October 1820, in Bullitt County, Kentucky. Three nods in John’s favor! John was old enough to be Sarah’s father; he married his wife before Sarah’s calculated birth year; and, he had lived in Kentucky.

John was enumerated on the 1830 census in Greene county. Among his household were two girls between the ages of 5-9 (remember this for later!). Unfortunately, only the heads of household were enumerated by name. Sarah died relatively young, perhaps in childbirth. She did not live in the time of compulsory death certificates. Luckily, a transcription was made of her gravestone in the mid twentieth century. I do not think it survives as I have yet to find a willing Find A Grave photographer to capture her stone. I am still working on locating a will or land records for John Painter Jewell in Greene County, but I have been unsuccessful thus far in gaining access to the records. (If you know of anyone who is willing to do ‘on the ground’ research in Greene County, Indiana, let me know!)

So this mystery has remained at a standstill until now. A few months ago, I was contacted by another researcher who was looking for the parents of his ancestor Rachel Jewell of Greene County, Indiana. He had also come to the conclusion that John P. Jewell was likely Rachel’s father, which would make my Sarah and his Rachel sisters. After several conversations back and forth via email, I finally convinced him to do DNA testing. His results came back this week. The disappointing news is that he does not match either my father or me. However, he does match another cousin on this same branch of the family!

John Painter Jewell

DNA is fickle. The predicated relationships that the DNA companies come up with are just that….predictions. They are based on a mathematical algorithm. In theory, a person inherits 50% of their DNA from each parent; 25% from each grandparent; 12.5% from each great grandparent; and so on. By the time one travels back in time to their third great grandparents, the potential inheritance is only 3.125% per individual. There are 32 individuals in the third great grandparent generation. Even though my father and Mr. Lawson are likely 4th cousins, there is no guarantee that they would inherit the same 3.125% from either John P. Jewell or Mary (Hoagland) Jewell.

The DNA lesson that I would like everyone to take away from this story is the importance of testing as many people in your family as possible. DNA is NOT inherited equally. Had my 3rd cousin not already tested, I would have assumed that my new cousin, the descendant of Rachel Jewell, was not related to me.

©2014 copyright Deborah Sweeney
Post originally found: https://genealogylady.net/2014/10/11/three-cheers-for-dna/

Kentucky Tragedy

Schwartz, W. B. - 1891-09-03KENTUCKY TRAGEDY
One Man Instantly Killed and Two Others Fatally Injured
LEXINGTON, Aug 28. – One of the bloodiest and most unprovoked murders ever committed in central Kentucky was enacted at Georgetown, Scott county, yesterday, in which one of the most prominent citizens and business men of the city was instantly killed, and two others were fatally wounded.
The difficulty started over a watermelon patch. Near Georgetown reside two families by the name of Kendall and Jarvis. The former has a large watermelon patch, and recently they accused the Jarvis boys of cutting their vines. Smarting under the accusation, the Jarvises went to Georgetown and swore out a peace warrant against the Kendalls.
The trial was set for yesterday morning. When they met in Georgetown the Kendalls opened fire on the Jarvis boys, who were said to be unarmed. In the firing, A. J. Montgomery was instantly killed while standing on the street, and the two Jarvises were each shot near the heart and are fatally hurt. Great excitement prevails, and a mob may be the result. The Kendalls were arrested.
The remains of the late A. J. Montgomery did not reach this city until Saturday morning, the connections at Indianapolis during the night having been…as to prevent the transfer being made from the eastern train to the Vandalia. Upon arrival the body was taken to the residence of Dr. W. J. Wolfe, from whence the funeral took place at 2 o’clock Saturday afternoon, the internment being in the Hill cemetery. Services having been conducted, by his pastor at Georgetown, Ky., previous to leaving there, no ceremony beyond a few songs and a prayer were held here, the burial being however conducted by the Masonic fraternity according to their ritual. Besides the family and relatives of the deceased, a large delegation of business men and former acquaintances of Mr. Montgomery attended the funeral. Hiram Teter, F. W. Schromyer, J. D. Sourwine, Peter T. Luther, A. W. Turner, and W. B. Schwartz acted as pall bearers.

“Kentucky Tragedy,” Brazil Democrat (Brazil, Indiana), 3 September 1891, p. 1, col. 3-4; digital image, Newspaper Archive (http://www.newspaperarchive.com : 6 February 2014).